A few things have been happening around the Internets that got me thinking again about fair use. It’s one of my favorite perennial topics. I am passionate about the idea that artists, crafters, makers, writers and other creators can take inspiration and even content from other works of art. It’s a concept that can be misunderstood. Some people perceive it too liberally, others don’t believe that aspects of fair use are possible even if they are ethical and legal. Here are a couple of real-life examples.

The other day I was looking through projects on Ravelry. It’s such a treat to see when people make one of my patterns. I love seeing all the yarn choices and variations.

Alpine Frost Scarf

One of my most popular patterns is the Alpine Frost Scarf. (The beautiful photos in this post are all pictures of the design that I found on Flickr, they are not from the crocheter I discuss below.) There are a lot of ways people can get this pattern.  It was originally published in Interweave Crochet, in Winter 2008. So if you have that issue in print or digital versions, you have it. You can buy the pattern individually from the Interweave Store. It’s even included in the new book, The Best of Interweave Crochet.

Malabrigo lace scarf

So, I was surprised when I was trolling the hundreds of Ravelry projects for this pattern the other day and I stumbled upon one where the crocheter said something like, “I didn’t have the pattern for this design, so this is my version.” Then, she proceeded to show the instructions for her version in the pattern notes on her project page.

Guess what? I’m not bothered that she reverse-engineered my pattern. More power to her! I applaud the ingenuity it takes to figure something out on your own. I’m not even bothered that she wrote down her notes. I am concerned that she thinks it’s ok to essentially publish those notes for anyone on Ravelry to use, and associate her publication with my pattern.

Alpine Frost Scarflet

In my opinion, it’s totally ok to reverse-engineer, and even design and publish patterns inspired by the work of others. I’m a big believer in supporting derivative work. It should be derivative though, not just a copy. Publishing a simple copy seems uninspired and not respectful of the original designer’s intellectual property. What didn’t make sense was the fact that this crocheter used my pattern page to post her own version of the pattern.

So, I e-mailed her. Good news! She answered quickly, and removed the instructions from her notes. A happy ending. I wonder what she thought of my e-mail, she didn’t say. The long and short of it? I hope when people exercise fair use and publish the results that they’ll be polite, they won’t violate copyright, and they’ll use appropriate attribution–giving credit where credit is due. Also, I want people to experiment, be creative, have fun.

Today, I was trolling again and found a beautiful scarf that people have been making lots of, apparently. Since this pattern isn’t published in English, people have been sharing scanned versions of the (Japanese?) (Chinese?) chart on Ravelry. What’s the ethical crafter to do if she wants to make something like this scarf? Well, I would like to see her try and reverse engineer the scarf herself, and then come up with her own pattern–hopefully adding her own originality and spin to the design.

Finally, I wanted to mention one other great conversation about fair use happening right now (not surprisingly) on Kim Werker’s blog. (Kim and I worked together to try and launch Fair Use in Art and Craft Day back in 2009–maybe I’ll nudge her and see if we can get it going again for 2012.) Kim’s discussion is about Pintrest — a site where people keep track of things they think are cool on the internet. At issue is the idea that crafters are copying ideas from pictures instead of buying what’s being offered for sale. I’m with Kim on this one–I think that people selling crafts that are simple enough to copy from a photo shouldn’t be surprised when people do so.

Before I started working as a publishing designer, I sold fancy crocheted scarves at craft fairs for around $100 each (this barely covered my costs, so I didn’t do it for long). There were two types of people visiting the craft fairs–customers and crafters. Customers were happy to pay for my hand-work. Crafters were sometimes polite and engaging, but sometimes they’d just say things like, “Oh, I could just make this myself.” It can be annoying when you’re trying to pay the bills, but that doesn’t make it less true. Now that I’m a designer and teacher I don’t want control of my designs after I publish them–I want to see how people get creative with them. I’m happy to be in the position of saying, “Yes! Go make it yourself!”

Originality and Fair Use (From the what was she thinking? file)

7 thoughts on “Originality and Fair Use (From the what was she thinking? file)

  • October 18, 2011 at 11:07 pm
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    A very interesting article. I agree with your points. In the global market place, this is a topic that is more and more difficult to deal with. 
    Pinterest is such a fantastic resource and source of inspiration, surely though if people are copying from it they could have copied from the shop’s photos and for every person who copies it from pinterest there will be a buyer who finds it through pinterest.

  • October 19, 2011 at 5:47 am
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    Well said, Amy. I truly believe most of the issues are simply a lack of awareness so thank you for taking the time to write on such a tender topic.

  • October 19, 2011 at 8:35 am
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    Thanks, Jonelle. Yes. I think it’s easier to approach people with a positive attitude even if it seems like they’re infringing on your intellectual property. It’s probably easier to enlighten them if they’re not put off by being chided. I appreciate your comment!

  • October 19, 2011 at 8:37 am
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    Thanks! I think you’re right–if the majority of people who see your stuff are telling you how they’d like to make it themselves, then you have a problem with your business model–you haven’t found the right customers.

  • October 19, 2011 at 3:24 pm
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    Very thoughtful post here on an important issue in the crafting community. Thanks for sharing your thoughts on it with us.

  • October 19, 2011 at 3:31 pm
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    You’re welcome! I’m always fascinated by where people get inspiration and what pushes them to pick up the hook and get started. If it’s deconstructing someone’s pattern, great! Some of us learn best by taking things apart and putting them back together.

  • April 21, 2012 at 5:57 am
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    I was particularly interested in your comments about people who have been sharing pattern designs in foreign languages. I have been making crocheted items from Korean and Japanese patterns for several years now. It’s convenient because they always have the charts, but I have also had to modify the sizes upward from the tiny Asian sizes. I have also been experimenting with changing the stitch pattern to get different textures or alter the number of rows. Then again, I have experimented with changing the fit. If I had been following English patterns, I would probably not have been inspired to do all these changes. So, it has been a real treat for me. I wonder if it is time to consider writing up my patterns and publishing them. I see know problem with the original publishers because the copyright rules are much more liberal in Asia. If the original patterns had been from the US, would this be enough changes to merit publishing the patterns under my own name? Where is the line? We all work from traditional stitch patterns, but when can we claim a garment pattern for our own? Love to hear your thoughts as well as comments from readers.

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